Accueil > Publications > 2019 > Comparative Overview of the Mechanisms of Action of Hormones and Endocrine (...)

Combarnous Y, Nguyen TMD.

Comparative Overview of the Mechanisms of Action of Hormones and Endocrine Disruptor Compounds.

Toxics. 2019 Jan 24 ;7(1). pii : E5. doi : 10.3390/toxics7010005. Review.

Abstract

Endocrine Disruptor Compounds (EDCs) are synthetic or natural molecules in the environment that promote adverse modifications of endogenous hormone regulation in humans and/or in wildlife animals. In the present paper, we review the potential mechanisms of EDCs and point out the similarities and differences between EDCs and hormones. There was only one mechanism, out of nine identified, in which EDCs acted like hormones (i.e. binding and stimulated hormone receptor activity). In the other eight identified mechanisms of action, EDCs exerted their effects either by affecting endogenous hormone concentration, or its availability, or by modifying hormone receptor turn over. This overview is intended to classify the various EDC mechanisms of action in order to better appreciate when in vitro tests would be valid to assess their risks towards humans and wildlife.

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